Pigmentation refers to the coloring of the skin. Skin pigmentation disorders cause skin color variations. Melanin is made by cells in the skin called melanocytes and is the pigment responsible for your skin’s color.
Hyperpigmentation is a medical term used to describe darker patches of skin. These patches result from excess melanin production, which can be caused by everything from acne scars and sun damage to hormone fluctuations. This can affect patches of your skin or your entire body.
Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless but can sometimes be caused by an underlying medical condition.
Certain medications can also cause your skin to darken. It’s more of a cosmetic issue for most people.
There are various types of hyperpigmentation which includes the following:
Some cases of hyperpigmentation can be treated medically by topical prescription medication. This medication most times contains hydroquinone, which lightens the skin. Incessant use of this topical hydroquinone can cause your skin to darken, which is known as ochronosis.
However, there are several other ways that you can treat hyperpigmentation at home. These remedies may be seen to be very effective and leaves no side effects, this includes:
Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which study shows may lighten pigmentation.
Aloe vera contains aloin, a natural depigmenting agent that has been revealed to lighten skin and work effectually as a nontoxic hyperpigmentation treatment.
Milk, buttermilk and even sour milk has been revealed by research to be a great remedy for hyperpigmentation. Lactic acid found in milk is the compound responsible for this skin correction.
Orchid extracts has been found to be very effective in hyperpigmentation treatment. Applying orchid extracts to affected skin for about 8 weeks will give a better and improved skin.
Orchid extracts containing skin care products are commercially available in both online and offline stores, so do good to get one for yourself and use as directed for optimum result.
Tomato paste which is rich in lycopene helps to protect the skin from short-term and long-term photo damages caused by sunlight. By consuming tomato paste, it goes a long way to correct pigmentation patches on the skin.
Preventions of hyperpigmentation
Prevention they say is better than cure, so the following measures can be employed to prevent hyperpigmentation:
Hyperpigmentation isn’t in general harmful and usually isn’t an indication of a severe medical condition.
In several cases, dark patches will disappear on their own with good sun protection. In other cases, more aggressive treatment is required. There’s no assurance that the dark patches will fade totally, even with treatment.
You can always consider the following medical skin care products to correct both patches and entire body pigmentation: